Citation: Atun-Einy O, Lotan M () A Systematic Review of Hippotherapy ( horseback riding) for Individuals with Autism is the Cognitive Level. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder including therapeutic horseback riding (THR), hippotherapy (HPOT). Children with autism benefit from equine therapy due to the motor, emotional, and patients on a personal level through what is referred to as “hippotherapy.

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Human-animal interaction in family, community, and therapeutic settings. There was no significant difference between groups on the other subscales of the SRS. Please review our privacy policy. THR intervention or a barn activity BA control group without horses that employed similar methods. Pilot study measuring the huppotherapy of therapeutic horseback riding on school-age children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.

How Your Autistic Child Can Benefit from Equine Therapy

These are located inside the inner ear and are stimulated through direction change, incline, and speed. No adjustment for multiple secondary outcome variables was applied. This bond can lead to social and communication skill production with other people in his life as well.

The effect of therapeutic horseback riding on social functioning in children with autism. For more information, click here to email us. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final citable form. According to the parents, children in the program showed better listening skills, became less stubborn or sullen, showed more confidence during participation in leisure activities, played and interacted more appropriately with their peers, and gained better body awareness throughout the course of the study.

The study is limited by the fact that several outcomes i. After the intervention was initiated, four participants dropped from the THR group and seven participants dropped from the BA control group. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. The Autism Spectrum Disorder Foundation does not prefer any one organization to another, and it is not responsible for the information listed on an organization’s web site, or any disseminated information either verbal or written.


The Benefits of Hippotherapy for the Autistic Population. Therefore, caution needs to be taken into account when interpreting the secondary outcome results. Levy A, Perry A. The Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community: See Figure 1 for the participant flowchart. The riding portion consisted of a warm up activity, skill review, learning a new skill, lesson review, and a cool down activity.

The Benefits of Hippotherapy for the Autistic Population – Special

The analysis of the ABC-C weekly data indicated that the two groups were significantly different in the change from baseline beginning by autis fifth week of the intervention Figure 2. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine. Children with autism typically experience deficits in language, sensory processing and reading social cues. The present study builds upon the piloted 22 week THR intervention curriculum conducted by the authors hiopotherapy available from the first author.

Interviews with parents indicated some significant improvements in social responsiveness, sensory response, and adaptive behaviors in home, school, and playground settings. AgnewPhD, Ms. Further research is warranted to examine if the joint attention and movement experiences are key THR mechanisms to observe behavioral and social-communication improvements in the ASD population.

Horses create a dynamic, three-dimensional movement that cannot be reproduced in a traditional clinic setting. Pan served as the statistical expert for this research. A consistent caregiver not blinded to the intervention assignment for each participant completed all behavior rating forms before, during, and after the intervention phase. Creating the Emotional Bond Autistic children have difficulty bonding emotionally to others.


There was no significant difference between the two hippotherap on the other ABC-C subscales. The aberrant behavior checklist: Thus, adding on the expense of equine therapy may seem out-of-reach. Participants randomized to the barn activity BA control group were offered two free riding lessons at study conclusion.

Western Psychological Services; This study has an elevated level of methodological rigor i. Hippotherapy is a great way to help a child gain a sense of body-awareness while improving sensory integration. Statistical Analyses SAS 9. Joint attention and children with autism: Each child rode for 45 minutes once a week.

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Open in a separate window. It has also been proven to be effective in promoting language, sensory regulation as well as improving social skills as students often form an emotional bond with the horses they ride on. Effect of service dogs on salivary cortisol secretion in autistic children.

Autistic Children Improve Skills through Hippotherapy

Riding backwards helps to improve balance, strength, and postural control, which is really helpful for our little ones learning to walk. Eighty-three percent of THR participants rode the same horse for the full week session. The horse provides strong sensory stimulation to muscles and joints, impacts the balance and movement sense detected by sensory receptors, and provides varied tactile touch experiences as the rider hugs or pats the horse.

Participants in the THR group had significantly more improvements from baseline to post-intervention on the ABC-C Irritability subscale score with an effect size of 0.