Literature of Jain Philosophy and Agamas. Brief introduction Jain Agamas: One who establishes a ‘Tirtha’ is ‘Tirthankaras’. Tirtha also means first ‘Gandhara’. jEn; a;g;m;;e• • • • • • Sv;et;;]b;r m;Ut;I*p;Ujk – s;v;* m;;ny;. âå p;Uv;* an;e â a. Agamas are texts of Digambara Jainism based on the discourses of the tirthankara. . Translations into modern languages such as English, Hindi and Gujarati.

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Jainp. Retrieved from ” https: Ethics of Jainism Sallekhana.

Jain Agama Literature

These works contain information about mathematics, geography, astronomy, astrology etc. During this time the knowledge of the doctrine was getting lost. Digambara monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya. These are believed to have originated from Rishabhanathathe first tirthankara.

Jain Agamas (Digambara)

Mainly, there are forty five Jain Agamas philosophical works which are regarded as the most ancient and authoritative works, Not only the entire Jain Agam literature but the whole of the Jain literature has been classified into the four categories mentioned below.

The knowledge of Shruta-Jnanamay be of things which are contained in the Angas Limbs or sacred Jain books or of things outside the Angas. Fourteen Purvas The Prior Knowledge — considered totally lost. However, with time, it became difficult to keep the entire Jain literature committed to memory. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. These scriptures are said to have contained the most comprehensive and accurate description of every branch of learning that one needs to know. Digambaras group texts into four literary categories called ‘exposition’ anuyoga.

These works comprise a lot of information about the principles of conduct and observance, the method of living, and the way of life in this world.


Digambaras reject the authority of the Agamas compiled at Valabhi.

The earliest versions of Jain Agamas known were composed in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit. Diwali Mahavir Jayanti Paryushana Samvatsari. Jainp. This concise and comprehensive work written by Sri Bhagwan Umaswati born 3rd century of the Vikram Era in Samskrit, in the form of Sutras or aphorisms, has been accepted and esteemed equally by all the Jain schools of thought.

Agamas are gujaratk of Jainism based on the discourses of the tirthankara.

Fourteen Purvas The Prior Knowledge — considered totally lost. If you desire to find in the same grangha work practical, critical and intellectual discussions and expositions of all the Jain Siddhantas theoriesyou can find them ugjarati Shri Taatvarthadhigama Sutra or Shri Tatvartha Sutra.

Jain texts Indian poetics Religious poetry. It is generally represented by a tree with twelve branches.

Jain Agamas

Chapter Sutra Contents 1 35 The path of salvation; a discussion of theories; Nikshep; knowledge, Naya etc. Agamas were lost during the same famine that the purvas were lost in. For other uses, see Agama disambiguation. Digambara monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya.

Diwali Mahavir Jayanti Paryushana Samvatsari. Ethics Ethics gujartai Jainism Sallekhana.

Jain Agamas (Digambara) – Wikipedia

Retrieved from ” https: Their works include history, life-sciences, the science of matter, grammer, literature, prosody, art, aesthetics, dramas, music, songs, astrology, sculpture, ayurved, physiology, psychology, politics, dictionaries, and encyclopaedias, poetry, stories etc. Part of a series on. The realm of the Jain literature is so vast and profound that even to give an ordinary and brief introduction to it, it will be necessary to write a huge volume.

According to Svetambara tradition, the agamas were collected on the basis of collective memory of the ascetics in the first council of Pataliputra under the stewardship of Sthulibhadra in around to — BC. Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism. Due to the twelve years of famine it was extremely difficult for the Jain ascetics to preserve the entire canonical literature.


Agama is a Sanskrit word which signifies the ‘coming’ of a body of doctrine by means of transmission through a lineage of authoritative teachers.

Views Read Edit View history. The existing Svetambara texts are based on the Vallabhi council texts. The Agamas were composed of the following forty-six texts: This page was last edited on 7 Decemberat A council was formed at Pataliputra where eleven scriptures called Angas were compiled and the remnant of fourteen purvas were written down in 12th Anga, Ditthivaya by the adherents of Sthulbhadra. While some authors date the composition of Jain Agamas starting from the 6th century BCE, [6] gujafati Indologist Hermann Jacobi holds that the composition of the Jaina siddhanta would fall somewhere about the end of the 4th or the beginning of the 3rd century BC.

This grantha contains commentaries for the most part. A description of the Jain geography. These are believed by Jains to have originated from Rishabhanathathe first tirthankara who lived millions of years ago.

Agamas are texts of Digambara Jainism based on the discourses of the tirthankara. Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism. There gujarxti discussions of these things. This grantha divided into 10 chapters contains about aphorisms.

The Purvas or the ancient texts were already forgotten and lost after the famine. Time, Anu and Gujaratk the atoms and minute atoms and Pudgals and the science of substances.