American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.8(), Article ID,7 pages DOI/ajps Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus. PDF | On Jan 1, , Dorcas Olufunke Moronkola and others published Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus cyanescens Benth. Yoruba indigo (Philenoptera cyanescens syn. Lonchocarpus cyanescens). The Yoruba indigo vine, known locally as èlú, is a large forest liana but if unable to.

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In Nigeria, this decoction is used to treat arthritic conditions, venereal diseases and diarrhea. Standard methods such as N. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map.

The plant has alternate leaves, flat fruits which are 1 – 5 seeded, oblong pod pointed at both ends [].

The extrapyramidal side effect of catalepsy was tested based on the ability of the extracts to alter the duration of akinesia in mice placed on a vertical wrapped string.

Leaves are used lonchocapus laxative. The two oils contain hydrocarbons [L 6. American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol. Roots and stems contain compounds with proven anti-arthritic effects. GC-MS analyses of the seed oil showed phytol, sterols, beta-tocopherol and hydrocarbons are in the unsaponifiable matters of the oils; while HPLC showed presence of glycolipids [monogalactosyldiacylglycerol, digalactosyldiacylglycerol, digalactosylmonoacylglycerol and monogalactosylmonoacylglycerol].

In Benin, leaf sap is drunk against intestinal disorders and dysentery. Chemical composition of cyanescenx essential oil of Lonchocarpus cyanescens stem.

Lonchocarpus cyanescens

More leaf of L. Phytochemical screenings indicated extracts contain seven important classes of secondary metabolites which are saponin, tannin, steroid, terpenoid, cardiacglycoside, phlobatannins and flavonoids Table 4. Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Phytochemical screening of stem, leaf, and root methanol extracts of Lonchocarpus cyanescens reveal presence of following seven classes of metabolites: Loncchocarpus effects of Lonchocarpus cyanescens have been demonstrated in its anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and its relief on ulcer.


Other compositions in leaf are ketone 2.

Other traditional uses include the treatment of yaws, leprosy and skin diseases. Their investigation revealed that linolenic and oleic acids are its dominant fatty acids with neutral lipids. The antipsychotic effects of the extracts were assessed using the amphetamine animal model of psychosis in rats.

It also has antitussive properties, effective as expectorant, treatment of ulcer, and flavoring for masking bitter taste of drugs like quinine. Click here to see archives of our Plants of the Month. Results of our recent studies revealed forty plants were utilized as anti-malaria herb [1]. Chemical Compositions of Cyznescens cyanescens Benth.

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.

Yoruba indigo (Philenoptera cyanescens syn. Lonchocarpus cyanescens)

Melting points were measured on a Gallenkamp melting point apparatus. As the pods ripen at the end of the rainy season, they turn papery and grey-brown with an iridescent sheen and a clearly visible network of cyanedcens veins.

Thus, this investigation provides evidence that may justify the ethnomedicinal applications of Lonchocarpus cyanescens as the major constituent of the recipe used for the management of psychosis in Nigeria. The anti-inflammatory activity of L. Methanol extract 10 g was further partitioned between aqueous methanol and ethylacetate to give the ethylacetate fraction.


West African Plants

Seven compounds in leaf made up This study was designed to examine whether the aqueous and ethanolic lonchocarus of LC possess antipsychotic property in rats.

Ground root is applied to loncjocarpus and washing with water containing powdered root helps to cure sores [5, 8,10,11]. They are scented and are highly attractive to bees and other insects. Leaf and stem essential oils of Lonchocarpus cyanescens Benth. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. This paper presents details of above results which are new in literature. All parts yield indigo dye but usually only leaves cyanescwns shoots are collected.

Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, anthraquinones, cardiac glycosides, cyanogenetic glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, steroids and tannins in the leaves of LC. The presence of these secondary metabolites was confirmed by thin-layer chromatography. African whitewood Triplochiton scleroxylon The African whitewood Triplochiton scleroxylonknown as arere in Yoruba and obeche in Bini, is a large fast-growing tree, reaching 65 m ft ccyanescens, usually with a straight trunk and buttresses up to about 8 m 26 ft high.

The acid in ulcer treatment, inhibits the enzymes that metabolize the prostaglandins, PGE 2a to their inactive metabolites.